More and more patient are turning to their cosmetic doctors for rejuvenation of their face and body, to help their face reflect freshness and vitality.
One of the most useful rejuvenation technique is Botolinum toxin treatment. It is used to relax the specific facial muscles that cause upper facial lines, such as crow’s feet, forehead and glabellar frown lines to form.
How and why do wrinkles form?
Many facial wrinkles occur when we use our muscles to form facial expressions. The wrinkles formed during these expressions are dynamic wrinkles. For instance, when we smile our eye wrinkles become prominent and when we frown the vertical lines between our eyebrows become noticeable.
When we are young our skin springs back to its initial position after facial expression, but as we get older dynamic wrinkles remain on the skin to form static wrinkles; these are the wrinkles and folds that are present at rest. This process occurs because natural substances such as collagen( the major structural protein in the skin), elastin (the protein that causes tissue to stretch) and hyaluronic acid (which give skin volume) decrease with age. This, together with environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight, smoking and stress all contribute to the creation of wrinkles and folds.
What is anti-wrinkle treatment?
It is a natural, highly purified protein that relaxes wrinkle-causing muscles, creating a much younger, rejuvenated appearance. It is manufactures in a sterile laboratory conditions.
It is a prescription-only medicine and treatment is only available from a qualified medical professional.
How does this treatment work?
It can be used to relax specific facial muscles that cause dynamic wrinkles, such as crow’s feet (the lines that radiate from the corner of the eyes when one smile or squint), forehead lines (the horizontal lines that form when one raise the eyebrows) and glabellar frown lines (the vertical lines that appear between the eyebrows when one frown).
Once the muscles are relaxed, one cannot contract them and continue to make the underirable facial expressions. Thus, the lines gradually smooth and new lines are prevented from forming.
What does this anti-wrinkle treatment involve?
It is a non-surgical procedure whereby a small amount of highly purified protein is administered into selected facial muscles by a trained medical professional using a very fine needle. The treatment generally take around 10 minutes. Discomfort is typically minimal and brief, and no anaesthetic is usually required. The injection may sting for a few seconds but normal activities can be resumed soon after.
After the injection, it takes 2 to 3 days for the treatment to begin to take effect and about 7 days to see the full effect. The dose recommended for the treatment will vary depending on your individual situation and the severity of the lines. Your doctor will know what the best dose is for you and which muscle to inject to give the best results.
How long does the effect last?
The effect can last up to 4 to 6 months before lines slowly begin to return. If one has repeat treatment, the effect tends to last longer.
Does the anti-wrinkle treatment cause more wrinkles to form?
It will relax the facial muscles that caused expression lines. It does not cause more wrinkles to form. If you choose not to have further treatments your muscles will eventually return to normal activity and your wrinkles will gradually revert to their pre-treatment levels.
Will facial expression be affected by the anti-wrinkle treatment?
It works specifically on the muscles treated. This means that any muscle left untreated, including untreated facial muscles, should not be affected by the treatment. The doctor will determine the best dose for you and which muscles to inject to give the best results.
Are there any side effects?
In addition to its use for cosmetic reasons, botolinum toxin treatment is also used to treat patients in a variety of therapeutic indications including cerebral palsy in children, movement disorders, head, neck, shoulder, face) and axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive underarm sweating).
In the amount used for the treatment of upper facial lines, the side effects are usually temporary and localized to the area of injection.
How long has botolinum toxin been used?
It has been used in Australia and New Zealand in therapeutic treatment for over 15 years. It was first used for use in Australia for movement disorders (eye and face) in 1993 and for eye spasms and crossed eyes in New Zealand in 1991.
Can the anti-wrinkle treatment be combined with other product and procedures?
Many people use a combination of cosmetic products and procedures with botolinum toxin.
Your doctor will advise you as to whether or not you will receive better results if your anti-wrinkle treatment is combined with other products and procedures.